Consequential Life Cycle Assessment: What, Why and How?

Brandão M, Weidema B P, Martin M, Cowie A, Hamelin L, Zamagni A (2024)

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Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies (2nd edition) 1:181-189


This article provides guidelines for conducting consequential life cycle assessment (LCA) studies. It presents the main features of two alternative approaches used in LCA-attributional and consequential-and describes how consequential LCA can be performed consistently and appropriately, with an example provided to guide practitioners. It is argued that, despite its limitations, consequential LCA is a robust approach for estimating important indirect effects of products.

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