We believe in specific solutions to specific needs. We have many years of experience in finding the right solutions for a variety of clients – always ensuring delivery on time and within budget – and, needless to say, the quality is unmatched.
Below you can see a small selection of our past and ongoing projects, please contact us for a project that is tailored to your needs.
The project outlines how environmental claims can be verified by life cycle assessment, and which core aspects are required for such claims to be valid.
The main aims of the E‑CO‑LadleBrick project are to achieve an innovative waste management for worn ladle bricks in steel mills by implementing Circular Economy criteria based in a "4R model" (Reduce, Reuse, Remanufacture and Recycle)
An inventory including both a mass and energy flow analysis and a life cycle screening is performed for Kolding Municipality. The inventory provides both a production perspective and a consumer perspective.
This project consists of a pilot (LCA) study of refined palm oil. Mitigation options in relation to nature conservation is investigated and comparisons with industry average palm oil is made.
In line with the vision of the UN Environment Life Cycle Initiative, the project brings the qualitative and quantitative impact pathway thinking from Life Cycle Impact Assessment to bear on the 17 SDGs. The scope includes a range of options ranging from qualitative to screening approaches to fully quantified end‑point metrics solutions.
Over the years 2.‑0 LCA consultants have contributed to the methodology development for social LCA, especially pointing out the close parallels with the biophysical LCA framework, and contributing to quantification of the social impact pathways with impact categories, indicators, and characterisation factors.
LIFE 5REFRACT aims at applying a "5R" (reduce, reuse, remanufacture, recycle, re‑educate) approach within the European steel sector to reach an integral valorisation of refractory materials.
The project aims at quantifying the environmental impacts of a range of solutions from DuPont Nutrition & Health. The project includes life cycle screenings of DuPont specialty food ingredients and their application in the industry.
The aim of the work‑package 6 of the HINDCON project is to perform value chain simulation and modelling with integrated LCA with life cycle data related to additive manufacturing in the construction sector.
This project focuses on the development, implementation and diffusion of technologies to improve energy efficiency in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) using a fully off‑grid solar‑assisted heat pump (SHP) system.
We play an active role in supplying expert delegates to the ISO TC 207 / SC5 on life cycle assessment and several other related Techical Committees.
Reviewing datasets for the ecoinvent database.
- May 2019
The INTEGROIL project aims to supply and validate the first application of an integrated solution to improve the treatment of produced water and wastewater of the oil and gas (O&G) industry, as well as to produce water of enough quality to be reused, increasing the sustainability of the whole process.
- January 2019
Getting the highly variable electricity mixes for different countries modelled in a consistent way is always a challenge for any LCA. This is particularly a challenge when applying the consequential modelling assumption.
- September 2018
This project has the purpose to investigate the environmental impacts of Swedish public sector spending. The project is performed in collaboration with Miljogiraff.
- August 2018
The aim of this study is to compare selected Ecosave Packaging with conventional packaging for a range of impact categories. The study enables the client to provide quantitative information to customers.
- August 2018
The LCA study was commissioned by Procter & Gamble and compared two commercial hand dish detergents used in Sweden. We took part in a critical review in accordance with ISO 14040/44.
- March 2018
We performed a critical review of 73 textile Life Cycle Inventories (LCI) from the French environmental labelling database: Base IMPACTS®.
- January 2018
Developing and applying an optimal set of indicators and models to analyse and monitor the European progress towards resource efficiency.
- December 2017
Peer review of the Danish EPA project: “Miljø‑ og samfundsøkonomisk vurdering af øget genanvendelse af husholdningsaffald".
- November 2017
We chaired a critical review panel for an LCA study on PVC films consumed in Mexico, commissioned by the Mexican Chemical Manufacturers Association (ANIQ) and performed by CADIS.
- September 2017
The Nano3Bio project aims to develop biotechnological production systems for nanoformulated chitosans based on renewable resources and to further the introduction of these to the market to replace current chemical methods.
- June 2017
The project (ARIADNA) aimed at providing an environmental, economic and social assessment of the implementation in Spain of a deposit return system (DRS) for some plastic and glass beverage containers present in municipal solid waste (MSW). The consequences of implementing this system were compared to those of the existing system, based on kerbside collection of these materials.
- June 2017
The study builds on top of previous studies carried out for United Plantations to estimate the environmental impact of palm oil. The environmental impacts relate to the life cycle of palm oil from cultivation to the gate of the refinery including all upstream emissions (summary report).
- April 2017
This project contributes to the European Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) category rules, by providing a procedural guideline, with examples, on how to correctly define the scope for the product categories, beyond the mere statistical product classification
- April 2017
This project aims to increase the knowledge of social performance of two products from the Nestlé supply chains: the production of milk (liquid milk and milk powder) in Pakistan, and the production of tomato‑based sauces under the Solis brand in Spain.
- December 2016
The purpose of the study was to document the total environmental impact of the product portfolio of the alcohol monopolies. The environmental impacts was expressed in monetary units, in addition to the underlying physical units.
- May 2016
An Environmental Product & Loss account (E P&L) was conducted by Arla Foods, the third largest dairy cooperative in the world, with the aim of documenting the total environmental impact of Arla Foods.
- May 2016
We developed a tool, which can be used for calculation of carbon footprint of milk both at farm level and at national level. The tool is used by Danish dairy farmers and to review selected historical national productions.
- April 2016
On the basis of an assignment from the Center for Construction this project aimed to uncover potentials and barriers in the use of wood in Danish construction.
- March 2016
Evidence to inform consumers and policy‐makers of the potential negative environmental consequences of replacing any particular vegetable oil at the expense of another.
- March 2016
The study builds on top of previous studies carried out for United Plantations to estimate the environmental impact of palm oil, presented as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, i.e. carbon footprint. The environmental impacts relate to the life cycle of palm oil from cultivation to the gate of the refinery including all upstream emissions.
- June 2015
The project concerned a cradle‑to‑customer LCA of locust bean gum produced by DuPont N&H at their plant in Valencia in Spain. The LCA was a cradle‑to‑gate assessment and included the cultivation of carob pods, and the processing at the plant in Valencia.
- May 2015
This project has applied life cycle assessment (LCA) to a series of emulsifiers manufactured by DuPont Nutrition and Health in Grindsted, Denmark.
- March 2015
This study estimated the effect of the Nordic ecolabels on apartment buildings, canteens and laundry detergents in a Danish context.
- February 2015
We performed critical review of the report: “Cradle‑to‑Gate Global Warming Potential impacts of Elkem Solar Silicon, Norway”
- January 2015
The goal of this project was to perform an environmental product declaration for a specific textile duct and enable future EPD's of similar textile ducts produced by the company.
- December 2014
The study consisted of an LCA of palm oil production for United Plantations Berhad based on their results for 2004‑2013 and building on previous studies. The environmental impact of palm oil is here presented as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, i.e. carbon footprint. A summary of the findings is available here.
- December 2014
The Municipality of Sollentuna (Sweden) has previously used LCA to estimate the environmental footprint of their activities. In this study we used the same data to estimate the Environmental Profit & Loss. The overall project results are published in a report.
- December 2014
BIOTREAT LCA focused on treatment systems for drinking water resources. The competitiveness of the BIOTREAT technologies relative to other water treatment technologies was determined with LCA.
- November 2014
Four LCA studies that compare the environmental impact of printed communication relative to an alternative electronic communication were reviewed. The critical review also focused on pointing out issues that need to be covered in order to perform a suitable comparable study of the two communication methods.
- October 2014
This project consisted of an industrial E P&L for the Danish apparel consumption conducted across three levels: industry, company/brand and product.
- September 2014
Database software design, documentation and testing. Design and test of new LCIA data format. Advice on design of system models and specific datasets. Support for data providers and editors.
- April 2014
Data for the Global Resource Footprint of Nations. Carbon, water, land and materials embodied in trade and final consumption.
- March 2014
A new estimate of a Danish Carbon Footprint and a review of previous studies.
- February 2014
In this project we conducted a life cycle assessment of the annual industry average of global production of pectin based on data from the year 2011.
- February 2014
This project was a collaborative effort, looking into Novo Nordisk's value chain, leading to the first Novo Nordisk Environmental Profit and Loss Account (E P&L).
- January 2014
The purpose of this project was to provide an overview of DuPont N&H’s total CO2e emissions (the so‑called organizational carbon footprint) to enable decision‑making and prioritization in their environmental work.
- December 2013
The project looked at the socio‑economic consequences of 7 environmental advices given by the government. The purpose of the project was to investigate the value if such advices are followed by the general public and to visualize the benefits of a personal effort to the society.
- November 2013
A literature review and benchmarking of monetary valuation methods and their applications in LCA, and a web‑based survey of the extent of use and opinions on monetary valuation methods among LCA practitioners.
- September 2013
This critical review is carried out in accordance with ISO 14040/44 as the study is a third party report and the results are intended to be used to support a comparative assertion intended to be disclosed to the public.
- September 2013
The purpose of this small project was to assess the climate effect of re‑using old Danish bicycles in Mozambique relative to the current disposal as scrap.
- May 2013
This project was initiated by the Danish green think tank Concito to assess the climate impacts of six different biofuels: wood pellets, wood chips, straw, biogas, ethanol and biodiesel.
- April 2013
The purpose of the project was to investigate significant improvements to operational costs and environmental impacts for a new island ferry travelling between Hov and the Tunö Island in Denmark.
- January 2013
The focus of this project was the implementation of the EU Directive 2005/32/EC on ecodesign requirements for energy using products (the EuP Directive) with special attention to the ecodesign requirements for televisions (TV).
- September 2012
This tool is publicly available and enables a calculation of the environmental effects of plastic products using a life cycle approach.
- December 2011
Life cycle assessment of palm oil production for United Plantations Berhad (Teluk Intan, Malaysia) undertaken in 2011.
- April 2012
In this project the methods and standards for calculating and challenges in using Carbon Footprint are investigated.
- November 2011
A critical review of the tool and accompanying report to improve the accuracy, relevance and usefulness of the PalmGHG Calculator: The RSPO greenhouse gas calculator for oil palm products.
- June 2011
The project included a cradle‑to‑gate life cycle assessment of DuPont’s SOFT‑N‑SAFETM.
- August 2011
We performed critical reviews on demand for various product groups for the TSC Product Category LCA reports.
- Februar 2011
Pilot project to enable a test on how the ecoinvent database could be integrated with IO data in order to produce a more complete (hybridised) version of the ecoinvent database.
- December 2010
The project aimed at assessing the effect of agricultural research. We improved the modelling of agricultural production in the Danish input‑output model and applied the STEPWISE impact assessment method to monetarise the externalities.
- June 2010
The aim was an input‑output database accounting for all sectors of the economy for EU‑27 to be used in SimaPro.
- June 2010
The aim of the review was to ascertain that the study was conducted in accordance with the ISO 14040 and 14044 standards and assesses the overall quality of the report.
- May 2010
The purpose of this project was to identify the environmental impacts of the Greentel telephone service delivered by MobileValue in order for MobileValue to offset these impacts by investment in renewable energy.
- May 2010
The project aimed at summarizing the steps, arguments and market data that are needed to identify the long term marginal supplier affected by a long‑term change in demand for two types of kraftwood.
- July 2009
The project aimed to provide a detailed overview of the environmental impacts, seen in a life cycle perspective, of an aluminium smelter with an annual capacity of 360,000 tonnes planned for instalment in West Greenland.
- November 2009
The objective of the FORWAST project was to forecasts the material stocks, waste amounts and related environmental impacts in EU‑27 for the following 25 years under different scenarios of waste prevention, waste treatment and recycling.
- March 2009
CALCAS was aimed at identifying short‑term, mid‑term and long‑term research lines on how to achieve a substantial efficacy increase in supporting sustainability decisions, going beyond the shortcomings and limitations of LCA at that time.
- February 2008
The objective of the study was to review existing proposals for biodiversity indicators for forest management, placing the indicators within a common framework.
- November 2007
This project applies several novel elements at the same time, such as hybrid LCA, consequential modelling, rebound effects, social impacts, life cycle costs, analysis of synergies and dysergies, impact assessment with full monetarisation, temporal discounting, and policy feasibility assessment.
- June 2007 and closed 2017
The Holiwast Decision Support Tool was a web‑based tool that allowed simultaneous comparisons of up to five stakeholder views or scenarios of municipal waste management policies.
- September 2006
Making it easier for Small and Medium‑Sized Enterprises (SMEs) to produce EPDs for their products was the focus of the Stepwise‑EPD project.
- February 2006
The aim of this project was to identify the main consumer concerns on Type III environmental declarations and give recommendations on how to address these.
- May 2006
The study analysed municipal solid waste treatment scenarios and provided data, methodological improvements, results and strategy recommendations for the new EU member states. The recommendations were generally applicable to municipal solid waste treatment.
- September 2005
EMAS is the EU's environmental management instrument, which is voluntary and is aimed at all types of businesses. EMAS stands for "Eco‑Management and Audit Scheme". This project provided a database for Danish businesses with examples of management schemes.
- May 2005
- April 2005
The ERA‑NET Sustainable Enterprise (SUSPRISE) project aimed to expand cooperation and coordination among national sustainability research activities across Europe by promoting networking between government programmes in this sphere.
- April 2005
The purpose of the project was to assess the environmental impacts from Danish pork and milk products in a life cycle perspective, in comparison with competing products, and, on this basis, to identify and prioritise the areas where the Danish environmental performance could be improved.
- December 2004
- December 2004
The Background Report for a UNEP Guide to Life Cycle Management ‑ A bridge to sustainable products was as a support to the UNEP Life Cycle Initiative and the UNEP Guide to Life Cycle Management.
- December 2004
The purpose of this project and the resulting guideline below was to support the development, implementation and maintenance of data collection systems within environmental product life cycle assessments (LCAs) and hence improve the quality and comparability of LCA data.
- December 2004
The project “Prioritisation within the integrated product policy” established a detailed and well‑documented method for prioritising product areas and groups.
- November 2004
The aim of the study “Environmental Impact of the use of natural Resources (EIRES)” performed for the EU commission DG‑JRC, IPTS was to support the development of the EU “Thematic Strategy for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources”.
- August 2004
The primary objective of the project was to promote a product‑oriented environmental assessment of products from agricultural holdings. The project provided the basic prerequisite, namely environmental effects recorded per unit of product.
- March 2004
A database on the environmental impacts from basic food products was produced in 2000‑2003 for the Danish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, as part of the project "Lifecycle Assessment of Basic Food". The database is available free of charge.
- June 2003
This study outlined the state of the art and provided a foresight study with three scenarios that differed with respect to the role assigned to the product‑oriented approach – the life‑cycle thinking. For each scenario, a number of development projects were proposed.
- March 2003
The purpose of this project was to test the implemention of a product‑oriented environmental management system at all levels in a large bakery enterprise. Peter Senge's concept of a learning organization was an inspiration for the project.
- December 2001
Furthering the development of life‑cycle assessment (LCA) as an accepted management tool towards sustainable development.
- December 2001
In the study on “Product‑oriented environmental policy for agricultural production” we identified the problem areas and the possible role of product‑oriented policy measures.
- September 2001
The U.S. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Database provides individual gate‑to‑gate, cradle‑to‑gate and cradle‑to‑grave accounting of the energy and material flows into and out of the environment that are associated with producing a material, component, or assembly in the U.S.
This project places each of the 169 targets of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into a comprehensive, quantified and operational impact pathway framework.
This project aims to develop a complete life cycle assessment (LCA) of the environmental profile of certified sustainable palm oil compared to conventional palm oil.
In 2006 we developed our first life cycle impact assessment method with option for full monetarisation of all impact categories. Now we are updating it and offer everyone to join the further developments the field of monetary valuation in our Monetarisation Club.
We have developed the first complete, quantitative, top‑down social impact assessment method and make the data available in our Social LCA Club.
How to model of direct land use change (DLUC) in LCA? Land use changes may be a significant contributor to GHG‑emissions and as the timing of emissions are changed by different market demands the LCA practitioner needs to take this into account. Our DLUC Club provides all the data and models required.
How to model of indirect land use change (iLUC) in LCA? The iLUC Club develops and further refines a generic, simple and science‑based model for including iLUC in LCA.
Do you need to model in your LCA studies the environmental impact of wastewater, or of specific chemicals present in wastewater? The Wastewater LCI Initiative by 2.‑0 LCA consultants has led to the development of WW LCI, an Excel‑based model that calculates life cycle inventories for urban wastewater discharges in more than 80 countries.