Publications

Here you will find a selection of more recent publications with contributions from 2.-0 LCA consultants staff. This page is regularly updated with our newest papers and reports – so stay tuned.

Bjørn A, Kalbar P, Nygaard S E, Kabins S, Jensen C L, Birkved M, Schmidt J, Hauschild M Z – 2018  Pursuing necessary reductions in embedded GHG emissions of developed nations: Will efficiency improvements and changes in consumption get us there? Global Environmental Change 52:314‑324

Weidema B P, Schmidt J, Fantke P, Pauliuk S – 2018  On the boundary between economy and environment in LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 23(9):1839‑1846

Weidema B P, Goedkoop M, Mieras E – 2018  Making the SDGs relevant to business. PRé Sustainability & 2.‑0 LCA consultants

Schulze R, Weidema B P, Schebek L, Buchert M – 2018  Recycling and its effects on joint production systems and the environment – the case of rare earth magnet recycling – Part I — Production model. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 134:336‑346

Hamilton H A, Ivanova D, Stadler K, Merciai S, Schmidt J, van Zelm R, Moran D, Wood R – 2018  Trade and the role of non-food commodities for global eutrophication. Nature Sustainability 1:314–321

Stadler, K, Wood, R, Bulavskaya, T, Södersten, CJ, Simas, M, Schmidt, S, Usubiaga, A, Acosta-Fernández, J, Kuenen, J, Bruckner, M, Giljum, S, Lutter, S, Merciai, S, Schmidt, J, Theurl, MC; Plutzar, C, Kastner, T, Eisenmenger, N, Erb, KH, de Koning, A, Tukker, A – 2018  EXIOBASE 3: Developing a time series of detailed environmentally extended multi-regional input-output tables. Journal of Industrial Ecology 22(3):502‑515

Schmidt J, De Rosa M – 2018  Enhancing Land Use Change modelling with IO data. Presentation at the SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting, Rome 13‑17 May 2018.

Muñoz I, Weidema P, Bala A, Fullana P – 2018  Social footprint of a deposit-refund system for packaging waste in Spain. Presentation for 28th SETAC Europe Annual Meeting, Rome, 13‑17 May 2018, slides available her: Social footprint presentation SETAC Rome. Extended abstract below.

Kalbar, P P, Muñoz I, Birkved M – 2018  WW LCI v2: A second-generation life cycle inventory model for chemicals discharged to wastewater systems. Science of The Total Environment 622‑623:1649‑1657

Weidema B P, Fantke P – 2018  Relating the Global Burden of Disease to life cycles. Procedia CIRP 69:417–422

Weidema B P – 2018  In search of a consistent solution to allocation of joint production. Journal of Industrial Ecology 22(2):252‑262

Weidema B P – 2018  The social footprint—a practical approach to comprehensive and consistent social LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 23(3):700‑709

Weidema B P, Pizzol M, Schmidt J, Thoma G – 2018  Attributional or consequential Life Cycle Assessment: A matter of social responsibility. Journal of Cleaner Production 174:305–314

De Rosa M – 2018  Land Use and Land-use Changes in Life Cycle Assessment: Green Modelling or Black Boxing? Ecological Economics 144:73‑81

Weidema B P – 2018  Attributional and consequential interpretations of the ISO 14044. Historical snapshot from the work in ISO TC207/SC5/TG1

De Rosa M, Pizzol M, Schmidt J – 2018  How methodological choices affect LCA climate impact results: the case of structural timber. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 23(1):147–158

Merciai S, Schmidt J – 2017  Methodology for the construction of global multi-regional hybrid supply and use tables for the EXIOBASE v3 database. Journal of Industrial Ecology 22(3):516‑531

Muñoz I – 2017  Consequential LCI modeling of chemicals in wastewater: including avoided nutrient treatment. Presentation for SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting, Barcelona, 27‑28 November 2017. Slides available here: SETAC CS 2017 WW LCI. Extended abstract below.

Schenker U, Weidema B P – 2017  White paper – social footprint. White Paper from Nestlé Research, Lausanne, September 2017

Schmidt J – 2017  Life cycle assessment of palm oil at United Plantations Berhad 2017, results for 2004‐2016. United Plantations Berhad, Teluk Intan, Malaysia.

De Rosa M, Odgaard M V, Staunstrup J K, Knudsen M T, Hermansen J E – 2017  Identifying Land Use and Land-Use Changes (LULUC): A Global LULUC Matrix. Environ. Sci. Technol. 51(14):7954–7962

Weidema B P – 2017  Estimation of the size of error introduced into consequential models by using attributional background datasets. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22(8):1241‑1246

Tisserant A, Pauliuk S, Merciai S, Schmidt J, Fry J, Wood R, Tukker A – 2017  Solid waste and the circular economy – a global analysis of waste treatment and waste footprints. Journal of Industrial Ecology 21(3):628–640

Schmidt J, Merciai S – 2017  Physical/hybrid supply and use tables – methodological report. Report from DESIRE ‑ a FP7 project

Muñoz I, Rodríguez C, Gillet D, Moerschbacher B M – 2017  Life cycle assessment of chitin and chitosan production in India and Europe. Presentation for XIII EUCHIS/VIII SIAQ conference, Seville, 31st May to 3rd June 2017. Slides available here:EUCHIS LCA chitosan 2017 Sevilla.

Pizzol M, Laurent A, Sala S, Weidema B P, Verones F and Koffler C – 2017  Normalisation and weighting in life cycle assessment: quo vadis? The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22(6):853–866

Muñoz I, Otte N, Van Hoof G, Rigarlsford G – 2017  A model and tool to calculate life cycle inventories of chemicals discharged down the drain. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22(6):986–1004

Kalbar P, Birkved M, Muñoz I – 2017  A second-generation life cycle inventory model for chemicals discharged to wastewater. Presentation for SETAC Europe 27th Annual Meeting, Brussels, 7‑11 May 2017. Slides available here: WW LCI_SETAC Brussels. Extended abstract below.

Sonderegger T, Dewulf J, Fantke P, de Souza D M, Pfister S, Stoessel F, Verones F, Vieira M, Weidema B P, Hellweg S – 2017  Towards harmonizing natural resources as an area of protection in life cycle impact assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, early on‑line view: 23 March 2017

Muñoz I, Rodríguez C, Gillet D, Moerschbacher B M – 2017  Life cycle assessment of chitosan production in India and Europe. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, early on‑line view 11. March, Open access: http://rdcu.be/p0kZ

Weidema B P – 2017  Short procedural guideline to identify the functional unit for a product environmental footprint and to delimit the scope of product categories. 2.‑0 LCA consultants, report to the Nordic Council of Ministers.

De Rosa M, Rydberg T & on behalf of the SETAC Europe LCA Steering Committee – 2017  SETAC LCA advisory groups silver jubilee: get involved and contribute to the next stage of LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22(2): 293–295

De Rosa M, Schmidt J, Brandão M, Pizzol M – 2017  A flexible parametric model for a balanced account of forest carbon fluxes in LCA. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22:172–184

Weidema B P, de Saxcé M, Muñoz I – 2016  Environmental impacts of alcoholic beverages – as distributed by the Nordic Alcohol Monopolies 2014. 2.‑0 LCA consultants, Aalborg, 30th December 2016

Muñoz I, Van Hoof G, Rigarlsford G – 2016  LCI model and tool for chemicals discharged down the drain. Case study on detergent formulations. Presentation for the 22nd SETAC Europe LCA Case Study Symposium, Montpellier, 20‑22 September 2016. Slides available here: WW LCI_SETAC Montpellier.

Schmidt J, de Saxcé M – 2016  Arla Foods Environmental Profit and Loss Accounting 2014. Environmental project No. 1860, 2016. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Copenhagen.

Ciroth A, Muller S, Weidema B P, Lesage P – 2016  Empirically based uncertainty factors for the pedigree matrix in ecoinvent. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(9):1338–1348

Wernet G, Bauer C, Steubing B, Reinhard J, Moreno-Ruiz E, Weidema B – 2016  The ecoinvent database version 3 (part I): overview and methodology. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 21(9):1218–1230

Muller S, Lesage P, Ciroth A, Mutel C, Weidema B P, Samson R – 2016  The application of the pedigree approach to the distributions foreseen in ecoinvent v3. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(9):1327–1337

Dalgaard R, Schmidt J, Cenian K – 2016  Life cycle assessment of milk ‐ National baselines for Germany, Denmark, Sweden and United Kingdom 1990 and 2012. Arla Foods, Aarhus, Denmark

Sanfélix J, de la Rúa C, Schmidt J, Messagie M, van Mierlo J – 2016  Environmental and economic performance of an Li-Ion battery pack: A multiregional input-output approach. Energies 9(8):584

Weidema B P – 2016  Valuation procedures for Product Environmental Footprint (PEF). Published as Chapter 5 of Christiansen K. (Ed.) (2016): Nordic Environmental Footprint Seminar on LCA/PEF Issues.

Schmidt J, Flysjö A – 2016  Arla Foods Environmental Profit and Loss Account (E P&L) – Organisational LCA with Monetarisation. Presentation at the SETAC Europe 26th Annual Meeting, Nantes 22‑26 May 2016.  Slides below, the extended abstract here.

Muñoz I, Otte N, Van Hoof G, Rigarlsford G – 2016  A model and tool to calculate life cycle inventories of chemicals discharged down the drain. Presentation for 26th SETAC Europe Annual Meeting, Nantes, 22‑26 May 2016. Slides available here: WW LCI_SETAC Nantes. Extended abstract available below.

van Bree T, Slob A (eds.) – 2016  D10.2 Final report with indicator framework, indicator set and implementation roadmap. Public deliverable from the DESIRE project. With contributions from project partners incl. Jannick Schmidt and Stefano Merciai, from 2.‑0 LCA consultants.

Muñoz I, Schmidt J – 2016  Methane oxidation, biogenic carbon, and the IPCC’s emission metrics. Proposal for a consistent greenhouse-gas accounting. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 21:1069–1075

Huysman S, Schaubroeck T, Goralczyk M, Schmidt J, Dewulf J – 2016  Quantifying the environmental impacts of a European citizen through a macro-economic approach, a focus on climate change and resource consumption. Journal of Cleaner Production 124:217–225

Schmidt J – 2016  Life cycle assessment of palm oil – investigating nature conservation and other GHG mitigation options. Presentation at the 5th International Conference on Oil Palm and Environment (ICOPE), 2016.

Kjaer L L, Pagoropoulos A, Schmidt J, McAloone T C – 2016  Challenges when evaluating product/service-systems through life cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production 120(1):95–104

De Rosa M, Knudsen M T, Hermansen J E – 2016  A comparison of Land Use Change models: challenges and future developments. Journal of Cleaner Production 113:183‑193.

Ekvall T , Azapagic A, Finnveden G, Rydberg T, Weidema B P, Zamagni A – 2016  Attributional and consequential LCA in the ILCD Handbook. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 21(3):293‑296

Kjær L L, Pagoropoulosa A, Hauschild M, Birkved M, Schmidt J H, McAloone T C – 2015  From LCC to LCA using a hybrid input output model – a maritime case study. Procedia CIRP 29:474–479

Moreau V, Weidema B P – 2015  The computational structure of environmental life cycle costing. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 20(10):1359‑1363

Janowicz K, Krisnadhi A, Hu Y, Suh S., Weidema B P, Rivela B, Tivander J, Meyer D, Berg-Cross G, Hitzler P, Ingwersen W, Kuczenski B, Vardeman C, Ju Y, and Cheatham M – 2015  A minimal ontology pattern for life cycle assessment data. 6th Workshop on Ontology and Semantic Web Patterns (WOP 2015)

Kjaer L L, Høst-Madsen N K, Schmidt J H, McAloone T – 2015  Application of environmental input-output analysis for corporate and product environmental footprints—Learnings from three cases. Sustainability 7(9):11438‑11461

Muñoz I, de Vries E, Wittebol J, Aamand J – 2015  Prospective environmental and economic assessment for biotreatment of micropollutants in drinking water resources in Denmark. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 15(6):1405‑1413

Schmidt J H – 2015  Life cycle assessment of palm oil at United Plantations Berhad 2014. Results for 2004‐2013 summary report. United Plantations Berhad, Teluk Intan, Malaysia.

Muñoz I, Schmidt J H, Brandão M, Weidema B P – 2015  Rebuttal to ‘Indirect land use change (iLUC) within life cycle assessment (LCA) – scientific robustness and consistency with international standards’. GCB Bioenergy, Letter to editor, 7(4):565‑566

Stadler K, Wood R, Simas M, Bulavskaya T, Kuenen J, Fernández J A, Usubiaga A, Merciai S, Schmidt J, Theurl M C, Kastner T, Eisenmenger N, Giljum S, Lutter S, Lieber M, Wieland H, Tukker A – 2015  D5.3 Integrated report on EE IO related macro resource indicator time series. Public deliverable from the DESIRE project. With contributions from project partners incl. Jannick Schmidt and Stefano Merciai, from 2.‑0 LCA consultants.

de Saxcé M, Schmidt J H, Weidema B P – 2015  Life cycle evaluation of the effect of ecolabels ‐ Apartment buildings, canteens and laundry detergents. Ecolabelling Denmark, Copenhagen.

Schmidt J H, Weidema B P, Brandão M – 2015  A framework for modelling indirect land use changes in life cycle assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production 99:230‑238

Tukker A, Bulavskaya T, Giljum S, de Koning A, Lutter S, Simas M, Stadler K, Wood R – 2015  The global resource footprint of nations. The CREEA Booklet

Bidstrup M, Pizzol M, Schmidt J H – 2015  Life cycle assessment in spatial planning – A procedure for addressing systemic impacts. Journal of Cleaner Production 91:136‑144

Schmidt J H – 2015  Nature conservation in life cycle assessment – new method and case study with the palm oil industry. Extended abstract for presentation at the SETAC2015, Barcelona 3‑7 May 2015

Weidema B P, Brandão M – 2015  Ethical perspectives on planetary boundaries and LCIA. Extended abstract for presentation at the SETAC2015, Barcelona 3‑7 May 2015

Muñoz I, de Vries E, Wittebol J – 2015  Challenges in applying LCA at the research stage: case study on biotreatment of pollutants in drinking water resources. Extended abstract for presentation at the SETAC2015, Barcelona 3‑7 May 2015

Weidema B P – 2015  The social footprint – A practical approach to comprehensive and consistent social LCA. Extended abstract for presentation at the SETAC2015, Barcelona 3‑7 May 2015

Wood R, Stadler K, Bulavskaya T, Lutter S, Giljum S, de Koning A, Kuenen J, Schütz H, Acosta-Fernández J, Usubiaga A, Simas M, Ivanova O, Weinzettel J, Schmidt J H, Merciai S, Tukker A – 2015  Global sustainability accounting – Developing EXIOBASE for multi-regional footprint analysis. Sustainability 7(1):138‑163

Pizzol M, Weidema B P, Brandão M, Osset P – 2015  Monetary valuation in life cycle assessment: a review. Journal of Cleaner Production 86:170‑179

Schmidt J H – 2015  Life cycle assessment of five vegetable oils. Journal of Cleaner Production 87:130‑138

Wendin M – 2014  Sollentuna ekofootprint och environmental profit & loss. Rapport nummer: 64, Miljögiraff, Södra Larmgatan 6, 411 16 Göteborg. The report is in Swedish.  

Schmidt J H, Pizzol M – 2014  Critical review of four comparative life cycle assessments of printed and electronic communication. 2.‐0 LCA consultants and Aalborg University, the Danish Centre for Environmental Assessment, Aalborg. p 24

Høst-Madsen N K, Damgaaard C K, Jørgensen R, Bartlett C, Bullock S, Richens J, de Saxcé M, Schmidt J H – 2014  Danish apparel sector natural capital account. Danish Environmental Protection Agency, October 2014

Merciai S, Schmidt J H, Dalgaard R, Giljum S, Lutter S, Usubiaga A, Acosta J, Schütz H, Wittmer D, Delahaye R – 2014  CREEA report: Report and data. Deliverable 4.2 of the EU FP7 project CREEA

Schütz H, Schmidt J H – 2014  CREEA report: Climate change issues and Kyoto accounting – Land use cover change accounts. Deliverable 6.2 of the EU FP7 project CREEA

Verberk M, Delahaye R, Merciai S – 2014  CREEA report: Calculating standardized waste tables for The Netherlands. Deliverable 4.3 of the EU FP7 project CREEA

Schmidt J H, Merciai S – 2014  Life cycle assessment of the global food consumption. Paper presented at the 9th International Conference LCA of Food San Francisco, USA 8‑10 October 2014

Thrane M, Hansen A, Fairs I, Dalgaard R, Schmidt J H – 2014  Specialty food ingredients – Environmental impacts and opportunities. Paper presented at the 9th International Conference LCA of Food San Francisco, USA 8‑10 October 2014

Dalgaard R, Muñoz I – 2014  Consequential and attributional modeling in life cycle assessment of food production systems. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference LCA of Food San Francisco, USA 8‑10 October 2014

Muñoz I, Schmidt J H, Dalgaard R – 2014  Comparative life cycle assessment of five different vegetable oils. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference LCA of Food San Francisco, USA 8‑10 October 2014

Brandão M, Weidema B P – 2014  What can LCA learn from economics? Proceedings from the LCA XIV International Conference, October 6‑8, 2014, San Francisco, CA, United States p.37‑42. See also full proceedings.

Muñoz I, Schmidt J H, Brandão M, Weidema B P – 2014  Avoiding the streetlight effect: Rebuttal to ‘Indirect land use change (iLUC) within life cycle assessment (LCA) – scientific robustness and consistency with international standards’ by prof. Dr. Matthias Finkbeiner. 2.‐0 LCA consultants, Skibbrogade 5, 1, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark

Stadler K, Wood R, Bulavskaya T, Kuenen J, Eisenmenger N, Theurl M C, de Koning A, Giljum S, Lutter S, Wieland H, Usubiaga A, Fernández J A, Merciai S, Schmidt J, Tukker A – 2014  D5.2 Interim report on data processing creating EE IO time series and now-casted data. Public deliverable from the DESIRE project. With contributions from project partners incl. Jannick Schmidt and Stefano Merciai, from 2.‑0 LCA consultants.

Weidema B P – 2014  Bo Weidema’s comments on the LEAP guideline on “Greenhouse gas emissions and fossil energy demand from poultry supply chains”. Organisation: 2.‑0 LCA consultants

Weidema B P – 2014  Comparing three life cycle impact assessment methods from an endpoint perspective. Journal of Industrial Ecology 19(1):20‑26

Parajuli R, Løkke S, Østergaard P A, Knudsen M T, Schmidt J H, Dalgaard T – 2014  Life cycle assessment of district heat production in a straw fired CHP plant. Biomass and Bioenergy 68:115–134

Merciai S, Heijungs R – 2014  Balance issues in monetary input-output tables. Ecological Economics 102:69‑74

Weidema B P – 2014  Has ISO 14040/44 failed its role as a standard for LCA? Journal of Industrial Ecology 18(3):324‑326

Schmidt J H – 2014  Full integration of LCA with other assessment tools – new application areas and harmonized modelling approaches. Presentation for SETAC Europe 24th Annual Meeting, 11.‑15. May 2014

Bulle C, Weidema B P, Margni M, Humbert S, Rosenbaum R, Jolliet O – 2014  Comparing IMPACT World+ with other LCIA methodologies at end-point level using the Stepwise weighting factors. Presentation for SETAC Europe 24th Annual Meeting, 11.‑15. May 2014

Sørensen C G, Halberg N, Oudshoorn F W, Petersen B M, Dalgaard R – 2014  Energy inputs and GHG emissions of tillage systems. Biosystems Engineering 120:2‑14

Schmidt J H, Muñoz I – 2014  The carbon footprint of Danish production and consumption – Literature review and model calculations. Danish Energy Agency, Copenhagen

Høst-Madsen N K, Damgaaard C K, Szeler A, McManamon D, Bullock S, Taylor J, Sireyjol A, Schmidt J H, (eds.) – 2014  Novo Nordisk’s environmental profit and loss account. Danish Environmental Protection Agency.

Høst-Madsen N K, Damgaaard C K, Szeler A, McManamon D, Bullock S, Taylor J, Sireyjol A, Schmidt J H (eds.) – 2014  Methodology report for Novo Nordisk’s environmental profit and loss account. Danish Environmental Protection Agency.

Bundgaard A M, Dalgaard R, Gilbert C, Thrane M – 2014  Assessment of the potential of digestibility-improving enzymes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from broiler production. Journal of Cleaner Production 73:218‑226

Dalgaard R, Schmidt J H, Flysjö A – 2014  Generic model for calculating carbon footprint of milk using four different LCA modelling approaches. Journal of Cleaner Production 73:146‑153

Habib K, Schmidt J H, Christensen P – 2013  A historical perspective of Global Warming Potential from municipal solid waste management. Waste Management 33:1926‑1933

Huulgaard R D, Dalgaard R, Merciai S – 2013  Ecodesign requirements for televisions – is energy consumption in the use phase the only relevant requirement? International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 18(5):1098‑1105

Weidema B P, Pizzol M, Brandão M – 2013  The Use of Monetary Valuation of Environmental Impacts in Life Cycle Assessment: State of the art, strengths and weaknesses. SCORE‑LCA report Nb 2012‑03, Date: 10/2013

Schmidt J – 2013  Five edible oils – A comparison. Presentation at the 11th Annual Roundtable Meeting on Sustainable Palm  Oil, 11‑14th November 2013, Medan

De Rosa M, Dalgaard R, Schmidt J H – 2013  National carbon footprint of milk ‐ Life cycle assessment of British and German milk 1990 at farm gate. Arla Foods, Aarhus, Denmark

Schmidt J H, Brandão M – 2013  LCA screening of biofuels – iLUC, biomass manipulation and soil carbon. This report is an appendix to a report published by the Danish green think tank CONCITO on the climate effects from biofuels: Klimapåvirkningen fra biomasse og andre energikilder, Hovedrapport (in Danish only). CONCITO, Copenhagen.

Schmidt J H, Watson J – 2013  Eco Island Ferry – Comparative LCA of island ferry with carbon fibre composite based and steel based structures. The Eco Island Ferry Consortium.

Weidema B P – 2013  Reducing impacts of forestry – the fallacy of low-intensity management. Presentation for 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, Gothenburg 2013.08.25‑28.

Weidema B P, Christiansen K, Wernet G – 2013  Radically reducing the costs of panel critical reviews according to ISO 14040. Presentation for 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, Gothenburg 2013.08.25‑28.

Brandão M, Weidema B P – 2013  Conceptual challenges for internalising externalities. Presentation for 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, Gothenburg 2013.08.25‑28.

Weidema B P, Bauer C, Hischier R, Mutel C, Nemecek T, Reinhard J, Vadenbo C O, Wernet G – 2013  Overview and methodology. Data quality guideline for the ecoinvent database version 3. Ecoinvent Report 1(v3). St. Gallen: The ecoinvent Centre.

Weidema B P – 2013  Guide to interpret the EU product environmental footprint (PEF) guide. Published April 15th 2013. Aalborg: 2.‑0 LCA consultants.

Brandão M, Weidema B P – 2013  LCA Data Modelling: The Consequential Approach. Chapter 3.2 in: De Camillis, C., Brandão, M., Zamagni, A., Pennington, D. (eds.) 2013 Sustainability assessment of future‑oriented scenarios: a review of data modelling approaches in Life Cycle Assessment. Towards recommendations for policy making and business strategies. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxemburg, pp. 17‑20

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