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The SPOLD format for life-cycle inventory data
The SPOLD format is an electronic file format for exchanging data for life cycle inventories. The original SPOLD '97 format was replaced by the SPOLD '99 format (Weidema 1999), which was implemented as import/export format in some LCA software (SimaPro, TEAM, KCL-EKO and Umberto). A slightly modified version was developed by the ecoinvent Centre as the ecoSPOLD (v1) format, released as Open Source, used for the ecoinvent database version 1 & 2, and implemented in all leading LCA software. An improved ecoSPOLD 2 format was developed by an ad hoc expert working group formed by ecoinvent under the leadership of Bo Weidema. An open hearing was conducted among users of the ecoSpold format, in order to collect their input and wishes for a new ecoSpold format v2. The result of this hearing and the way the input was treated can be seen in a public report. The resulting ecoSpold 2 data format is available here:

Documentation on ecoSpold2 format

Geographies master file in KML

A well-maintained software editor for datasets in this format has been published as freeware by the ecoinvent Centre. This editor does apply some additional validation rules and ecoinvent-specific features not specified in the ecoSpold format schema.

Acknowledgement of the organisations that have contributed to the development of the SPOLD format


The SPOLD memorial site is sponsored and maintained by:

2.-0 LCA consultants
Tel.: +45 333 22822
Skibbrogade 5, 1, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark; E-mail: js@lca-net.com

Last Update: Bo Weidema bow@lca-net.com 2013.05.15