Product oriented policy support
Product oriented policies seek to optimise the environmental performance of the total system of production, use and disposal processes needed to provide the products.
Product oriented environmental policies (in Europe known as Integrated Product Policy – IPP) is a supplement to the toolbox of environmental regulation, with a focus on the overall pressures related to material or non-material products. Every human activity – and consequently its environmental impacts – can be related to a certain need and the fulfilment of this need by material or non-material products. Therefore, products play a key role in a regulation aimed at reducing the total environmental impact.
Product oriented environmental policies combine many different regulatory measures, such as economic instruments, substance bans, voluntary agreements, environmental labelling and product design guidelines. Much of the initial focus of the IPP activities has therefore been on prioritising among the different policy measures and product areas.
The project outlines how environmental claims can be verified by life cycle assessment, and which core aspects are required for such claims to be valid.
An inventory including both a mass and energy flow analysis and a life cycle screening is performed for Kolding Municipality. The inventory provides both a production perspective and a consumer perspective.
- January 2018
Developing and applying an optimal set of indicators and models to analyse and monitor the European progress towards resource efficiency.
- May 2016
An Environmental Product & Loss account (E P&L) was conducted by Arla Foods, the third largest dairy cooperative in the world, with the aim of documenting the total environmental impact of Arla Foods.
- April 2016
On the basis of an assignment from the Center for Construction this project aimed to uncover potentials and barriers in the use of wood in Danish construction.
- March 2015
This study estimated the effect of the Nordic ecolabels on apartment buildings, canteens and laundry detergents in a Danish context.
- October 2014
This project consisted of an industrial E P&L for the Danish apparel consumption conducted across three levels: industry, company/brand and product.
- April 2014
Data for the Global Resource Footprint of Nations. Carbon, water, land and materials embodied in trade and final consumption.
- March 2014
A new estimate of a Danish Carbon Footprint and a review of previous studies.
- February 2014
This project was a collaborative effort, looking into Novo Nordisk's value chain, leading to the first Novo Nordisk Environmental Profit and Loss Account (E P&L).
- December 2013
The project looked at the socio‑economic consequences of 7 environmental advices given by the government. The purpose of the project was to investigate the value if such advices are followed by the general public and to visualize the benefits of a personal effort to the society.
- May 2013
This project was initiated by the Danish green think tank Concito to assess the climate impacts of six different biofuels: wood pellets, wood chips, straw, biogas, ethanol and biodiesel.
- January 2013
The focus of this project was the implementation of the EU Directive 2005/32/EC on ecodesign requirements for energy using products (the EuP Directive) with special attention to the ecodesign requirements for televisions (TV).
- April 2012
In this project the methods and standards for calculating and challenges in using Carbon Footprint are investigated.
- November 2009
The objective of the FORWAST project was to forecasts the material stocks, waste amounts and related environmental impacts in EU‑27 for the following 25 years under different scenarios of waste prevention, waste treatment and recycling.
- November 2007
This project applies several novel elements at the same time, such as hybrid LCA, consequential modelling, rebound effects, social impacts, life cycle costs, analysis of synergies and dysergies, impact assessment with full monetarisation, temporal discounting, and policy feasibility assessment.
- June 2007 and closed 2017
The Holiwast Decision Support Tool was a web‑based tool that allowed simultaneous comparisons of up to five stakeholder views or scenarios of municipal waste management policies.
- May 2006
The study analysed municipal solid waste treatment scenarios and provided data, methodological improvements, results and strategy recommendations for the new EU member states. The recommendations were generally applicable to municipal solid waste treatment.
- April 2005
The ERA‑NET Sustainable Enterprise (SUSPRISE) project aimed to expand cooperation and coordination among national sustainability research activities across Europe by promoting networking between government programmes in this sphere.
- December 2004
- December 2004
The project “Prioritisation within the integrated product policy” established a detailed and well‑documented method for prioritising product areas and groups.
- November 2004
The aim of the study “Environmental Impact of the use of natural Resources (EIRES)” performed for the EU commission DG‑JRC, IPTS was to support the development of the EU “Thematic Strategy for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources”.
This project places each of the 169 targets of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into a comprehensive, quantified and operational impact pathway framework.
Policy support in specific areas
More projects on policy support are listed on the pages for specific areas: