From LCC to LCA using a hybrid input output model – a maritime case study
Kjær L L, Pagoropoulosa A, Hauschild M, Birkved M, Schmidt J, McAloone T C (2015)
Procedia CIRP 29:474–479
As companies try to embrace life cycle thinking, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Costing (LCC) have proven to be powerful tools. In this paper, an Environmental Input-Output model is used for analysis as it enables an LCA using the same economic input data as LCC. This approach helps align LCA and LCC while avoiding cut-offs in the LCA. The efficacy of the method is illustrated by a real case study of a tanker ship.